Review of: Albanien Vs

Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 23.01.2020
Last modified:23.01.2020

Summary:

Dadurch wird gewГhrleistet, welche innerhalb von.

Albanien Vs

Daten | Albanien - Weißrussland | – Holen Sie sich die neuesten Nachrichten, Albanien. UEFA Nations League Gruppe C4. 3 - 2 vs. Finde zum Albanien vs. Weißrussland Tipp alle Infos, eine detaillierte Prognose, Wettquoten, Statistiken sowie H2H-Bilanz und Team-Check. Spiel-Bilanz aller Duelle zwischen Deutschland und Albanien sowie die letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Deutschland gegen.

Albanien vs. Weißrussland Tipp, Prognose & Quoten – Nations League 2020

Das heutige Freundschaftsspiel Albanien vs. Kosovo startet um Uhr im Elbasan Stadion in Albanien. Das Duell der beiden Bruderstaaten. Albanien vs. Kosovo, Testspiel: Anpfiff, Ort und Uhrzeit. Das Freundschaftsspiel zwischen Albanien und Kosovo findet am heutigen Mittwoch. Spiel-Bilanz aller Duelle zwischen Albanien und Türkei sowie die letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Albanien gegen Türkei.

Albanien Vs Indholdsfortegnelse Video

(ALBANIA VS THAI) Max Muay Thai Ultimate 2016 (24 JAN 16) Match 3 EDUART VS YODKUEKKONG

Den Regeln und eine Гbersicht Wetten Pf allen speziellen Features, RUB. - Albanien – Weissrussland Wettquoten im Vergleich 18.11.2020

Direkt zu Jahr : — — — — — — — —

Sie beherrschten das Land dann mehr als Jahre. Die langen Abwehrkämpfe und hernach die vorübergehende Unterbrechung der Handelsbeziehungen nach Italien und dem übrigen Europa schadeten der wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Entwicklung.

Shkodra , das alte Zentrum Nordalbaniens, verfiel und gewann erst im Jahrhundert wieder an Bedeutung. Spätestens im Jahrhundert waren die Muslime in der Mehrheit.

Die Albaner waren, neben den Bosniaken , das einzige Balkanvolk, das mehrheitlich den Glauben der osmanischen Eroberer angenommen hat.

Dadurch machten nicht wenige Albaner Karriere in der osmanischen Verwaltung und im Heer und erlangten Stellungen, die den christlichen Untertanen des Sultans verschlossen blieben.

Wie in vielen peripheren Regionen des Reiches übte der Sultan die Herrschaft über Albanien vor allem indirekt aus. Die osmanische Zentralgewalt erwartete in erster Linie Steuerzahlungen und militärische Leistungen von den Untertanen; die Ordnung der inneren Verhältnisse blieb in Albanien wie auch anderswo weitgehend den lokalen Eliten überlassen.

Im Laufe des Die ersten Sandschak- Beys kamen aus in der Region führenden Familien. Normalerweise war es im osmanischen Verwaltungssystem üblich, die Sandschak-Beys jährlich aufs Neue zu ernennen oder bei Versagen auszutauschen.

In Albanien wurde dieses Amt faktisch erblich. Bis auf wenige Ausnahmen kamen die Beys immer aus denselben Familien. Auf diese Weise wurden die feudalen Verhältnisse, wie sie im mittelalterlichen Albanien bestanden hatten, in der osmanischen Zeit konserviert.

Während der Regierung Süleymans des Prächtigen — wurden für alle albanischen Sandschaks Defter Steuerregister angelegt.

Seit dem Jahrhundert fanden keine allgemeinen Erhebungen mehr statt und die Steuern waren an private Einnehmer verpachtet. Einige relativ unzugängliche Gebiete waren für die Türken praktisch nicht zu kontrollieren.

Aus diesen Gebieten bezogen die Beys nur einen eher symbolischen Tribut. Die nördlichen Bergregionen verharrten in archaischen Stammestraditionen und hielten sich bis ins Jahrhundert hinein an ihr eigenes Gewohnheitsrecht , dem Kanun.

Auch die zwischen den Almen im Pindosgebirge und den Winterweiden an der Küste hin- und herziehenden Aromunen genossen einen hohen Grad an Autonomie.

Wirtschaftlich waren die albanischen Länder im Gefüge des Osmanischen Reiches nahezu bedeutungslos. Die Bauern betrieben Subsistenzwirtschaft und produzierten nicht für den überregionalen Markt.

Bedeutendes Exportartikel war Salz , das schon im Mittelalter bis nach Venedig exportiert worden war. Jahrhundert gewann die Ausfuhr von Wolle und Getreide an Bedeutung.

Der Aufstieg der Handelsstadt Voskopoja war eine der Folgen. Kaufleute reisten von dort bis nach Venedig und Wien. Manastir und Ioannina Janina für den Süden des Landes.

An der Wende vom Jahrhundert befand sich das Osmanische Reich in einer tiefen Krise und in vielen Randprovinzen verlor die Zentralmacht die Kontrolle.

Jahrhunderts ein halbautonomes Gebiet, das die Hohe Pforte erst in den er Jahren wieder unter ihre Kontrolle brachte.

Diese administrative Neuordnung verärgerte die nordalbanischen Stämme, die befürchteten, ihre Selbstverwaltung und Steuerfreiheit zu verlieren.

Osmanische Truppen konnten zwar lokale Aufstände in den zugänglichen Küstenebenen niederschlagen, sich in den Bergen aber nicht durchsetzen. Auch die osmanische Hauptstadt Istanbul hatte im letzten Drittel des Jahrhunderts einen verstärkten Zuzug von Albanern zu verzeichnen.

Erst in dieser Zeit entwickelte sich als Reaktion auf die anderen südosteuropäischen Nationalismen langsam ein albanisches Nationalbewusstsein.

Die sozialen Voraussetzungen dafür waren denkbar ungünstig, denn es gab praktisch keine albanische Gesellschaft und Öffentlichkeit.

Fis und Stämme ab. Zudem waren die Albaner religiös in Sunniten, Bektaschi , Katholiken und Orthodoxe gespalten, sodass anders als etwa bei den Serben und Griechen auch die Religion nicht identitätsstiftend für die albanische Nation sein konnte.

Das russische Friedensdiktat hätte Teile des albanischen Siedlungsgebietes unter die Herrschaft der christlichen Staaten Bulgarien und Montenegro gestellt.

Dagegen formierte sich albanischer Widerstand erstmals auf nationaler Basis, denn er wurde nicht nur von den Sunniten und Bektashi, sondern auch von den katholischen Gegen getragen.

Im Frühjahr bildeten einflussreiche Albaner in Konstantinopel ein geheimes Komitee, um den Widerstand ihrer Landsleute zu organisieren. Auf Initiative dieses Komitees kamen am Sie bildeten als ständige Organisation die von einem Zentralkomitee geleitete Liga von Prizren , deren Ziel es war, Truppenverbände zu bilden, die das albanische Siedlungsgebiet gegen Aufteilung und die Ansprüche fremder Mächte verteidigen sollten.

Dafür zog sie auch die Steuererhebung an sich. Des Weiteren erstrebte die Liga die Bildung eines autonomen albanischen Verwaltungsbezirks innerhalb des Osmanischen Reiches.

Notgedrungen unterstützte die geschwächte osmanische Regierung zunächst das Wirken der Liga, nur verlangte sie, dass sich die Albaner in erster Linie als Osmanen erklären und als solche im Interesse des Gesamtstaats handeln sollten.

Das war unter den Albanern umstritten. Die Liga forderte darin, dass das gesamte albanische Siedlungsgebiet als autonome Provinz unter türkischer Herrschaft bleiben solle.

Der Kongress ignorierte diese Forderung; der Verhandlungsführer in Berlin , Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck , stellte apodiktisch fest, dass eine albanische Nation gar nicht existiere, weshalb eine derartige Forderung irrelevant sei.

Die vom Berliner Kongress vorgeschlagenen Grenzen zu Montenegro und die Angst, dass das ganze Epirus an Griechenland fallen könnte, löste blutige Aufstände der Albaner aus, die mehr oder weniger von der Liga gesteuert und von ihren Truppen getragen wurden.

Hier und dort wurden die Grenzen denn auch aufgrund des Widerstands zu Gunsten des Osmanischen Reiches und damit der Albaner verändert.

Nachdem die Grenzfrage erst einmal geklärt war, wandte sich die Liga von Prizren verstärkt ihrer innenpolitischen Forderung nach Autonomie zu.

Das wieder halbwegs stabilisierte osmanische Regime war aber nicht zu Zugeständnissen bereit. Von Bedeutung war dabei, dass viele muslimische Albaner nicht gegen die Soldaten des Sultans kämpfen wollten.

Er wurde jedoch nur eingekerkert und nach seiner Entlassung des Landes verwiesen. Die kulturelle Bewegung der Albaner war Ende des Jahrhunderts auf einige wenige Orte im In- und Ausland konzentriert.

Die einzelnen Gruppen nationaler Aktivisten agierten dabei relativ isoliert voneinander, was nicht zuletzt den ungünstigen Verkehrs- und Kommunikationsbedingungen auf dem Balkan geschuldet war.

Das war aber bei weitem nicht das einzige Hemmnis zur Etablierung eines albanischen Kulturlebens. Nur in Shkodra war Albanisch die wichtigste Sprache des städtischen Bürgertums.

Die im Jahrhunderts keine kulturellen Zentren der Albaner. Ihre Bedeutung lag in der guten Anbindung an das westliche Europa.

Hier wie auch in Shkodra war das Italienische wichtige Verkehrs- und Kultursprache. Der Druck albanischer Bücher war im Osmanischen Reich zeitweise verboten.

Eine normierte albanische Schriftsprache existierte noch nicht einmal in Ansätzen. Wenn überhaupt Albanisch geschrieben wurde, dann im gegischen oder toskischen Dialekt.

Hinzu kam, dass je nach Konfessionszugehörigkeit entweder das lateinische oder das griechische Alphabet , seltener auch die arabische Schrift verwendet wurde.

Um setzten die Bemühungen albanischer Intellektueller ein, die Schriftsprache zu vereinheitlichen. In Elbasan schuf man ein eigenes albanisches Alphabet, das aber nur dort verwendet wurde und sich nicht durchsetzen konnte.

Darin wurden wichtige Grundlagen für die albanische Schreibweise festgelegt, die teilweise bis heute gültig sind. In Konstantinopel wurde auch die Gesellschaft zum Drucken albanischer Schriften alb.

Im Umfeld dieses Vereins erschienen seit die ersten Zeitungen auf Albanisch. Jahrhunderts die ersten albanischsprachigen Schulbücher.

Diese private Schule war auch die erste säkulare Bildungsstätte des Landes, die Schülern aller Konfessionen offen stand.

Bis zur Ausrufung der Unabhängigkeit wurden landesweit kaum drei Dutzend derartiger Schulen gegründet. Albanisch wurde aber auch an den katholischen Schulen im Norden und an vielen Tekken der Bektaschi unterrichtet.

Die Schulen der katholischen Orden wie auch der Bektaschi leisteten viel für die Weiterentwicklung und Verbreitung der albanischen Sprache. Nebenbei wirkte er als Herausgeber verschiedener Zeitschriften.

Jahrhundert verschärfte sich die innere Krise des Osmanischen Reichs erneut. In den Balkanprovinzen herrschte praktisch Anarchie. Die Regierung versuchte, der Lage Herr zu werden, indem sie gewaltsam gegen die Nationalismen der Balkanvölker vorging.

Die Benutzung der albanischen Sprache und die Verbreitung albanischer Bücher wurden verboten. In dieser viel gelesenen Schrift wurde erstmals die Forderung erhoben, einen albanischen Nationalstaat zu errichten.

Die letzten Jahre der osmanischen Herrschaft über Albanien verliefen im Chaos und waren von Gewaltakten der Regierungstruppen und verschiedener Gruppen von Aufständischen sowie Räuberbanden überschattet.

In diese Zeit der Wirren fiel auch die jungtürkische Revolution , die ihr Zentrum in den verbliebenen europäischen Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches Albanien, Mazedonien und Thrakien hatte.

Zur reformorientierten politischen Bewegung der Jungtürken gehörte auch eine Reihe Albaner. Die Jungtürken versuchten zu Beginn ihrer Herrschaft, eine parlamentarisch-konstitutionelle Regierung im Osmanischen Reich einzurichten, die auch die Mitbestimmungs- oder Autonomiebestrebungen christlicher und nichttürkischer islamischer Minderheiten zu berücksichtigen versuchte.

Namentlich wollte man mit den organisierten Vertretern der Armenier und der Albaner kooperieren. Während der liberalen Anfangsphase des jungtürkischen Regimes trafen sich albanische Intellektuelle aus allen Teilen des Landes im November zum Kongress von Monastir.

Diese Regelungen sind bis heute gültig, und der Kongress von Monastir wird daher als Geburtsstunde einer modernen einheitlichen albanischen Orthographie angesehen.

Das konstitutionelle Experiment der Jungtürken scheiterte am Widerstand der alten konservativen Eliten und der allgemeinen Krise des Reichs, die auch die neue Regierung nicht in den Griff bekam.

In Albanien und Mazedonien herrschten bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände. Hier kämpften die Anhänger der jungtürkischen Regierung gegen die alten Eliten und gegen die Anhänger der Nationalbewegungen, die die Unabhängigkeit erreichen wollten, egal ob sich das Reich als reformfähig erweisen sollte oder nicht.

Ende suspendierte die jungtürkische Regierung die Verfassung und das Regime wandelte sich mehr und mehr in eine Militärdiktatur.

Diese setzte bald auf einen aggressiven türkischen Nationalismus als ideologische Basis für ihre Herrschaft und erneuerte den Druck auf die ethnischen Minderheiten.

Damit wurde die osmanische Herrschaft bei den Albanern endgültig in Verruf gebracht. Die Aufständischen wollten nun die staatliche Unabhängigkeit mit Waffengewalt durchsetzen.

Als im Herbst der Erste Balkankrieg ausbrach, gerieten die Aufständischen in eine schwierige Lage. Hatten sie zuvor versucht, die türkischen Garnisonen im Land zu schwächen, so war es nun erforderlich, wie diese gegen den Einfall der Armeen Montenegros und Serbiens in das albanische Siedlungsgebiet zu kämpfen, um einen nationalen Einheitsstaat zu erreichen.

Denn Serben, Montenegriner und Griechen planten, das albanische Siedlungsgebiet auf ihre bereits existierenden Staaten aufzuteilen.

Nach kurzer Zeit jedoch hatten die Armeen dieser Staaten die Oberhand gewonnen. Ende November waren nur noch Shkodra und Ioannina in türkischer Hand; Kosovo, Teile Nordalbaniens und Mazedoniens waren serbisch beziehungsweise montenegrinisch besetzt; in Epirus standen die Griechen.

November ein. Nur ein relativ kleines Gebiet zwischen Elbasan im Norden und Vlora im Süden wurde von lokalen albanischen Gruppen kontrolliert.

In dieser Situation entschloss sich die Führung der albanischen Nationalbewegung, die Erklärung der Unabhängigkeit nicht länger hinauszuzögern, und am Ebendort wurden auch die ungefähren Grenzen des neuen Staates festgelegt.

Teile im Süden des heutigen Albaniens waren unterdessen von Griechenland besetzt. Im Dezember wurden die Grenzen im Protokoll von Florenz festgeschrieben.

Die Botschafterkonferenz hatte auch beschlossen, dass Albanien ein Fürstentum sein sollte. Die Schaffung staatlicher Institutionen gelang nicht einmal in Ansätzen.

Während des Krieges verschwand Albanien wieder von der politischen Landkarte. Obwohl das Land formell neutral war, besetzten verschiedene Krieg führende Mächte nach und nach das gesamte albanische Territorium.

Von bis in den Herbst herrschten in weiten Teilen des Landes erneut bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände. Er hatte schon gegen Wilhelm von Wied gearbeitet, konnte sich aber auch nach dessen Rückzug keine landesweite Anerkennung erwerben.

Essad Pascha verbündete sich mit Serbien gegen die Donaumonarchie , was Anfang zu seiner Vertreibung aus Albanien führte. Als die Mittelmächte Ende Serbien eroberten, flohen die geschlagenen serbischen Truppen durch Albanien nach Griechenland.

Der Norden und die Mitte des Landes waren ab von den österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen besetzt.

Zhegrova for Lirim Kastrati I 46' E. Rashani for B. Berisha 46' F. Hasani for B. Celina 46' M. Vojvoda for F. Aliti 84' M.

Daku for F. Zusätzliche Infos. Match Officials Schiedsrichter: H. Anzeigen: Alle Heim Auswärts. Inhalt Widgets Inhalt. Mobile iPhone iPad.

Social Facebook Twitter Instagram. Scoresway www. Goal www. Stats Perform www. All rights reserved. Data provided by Opta Sports. Trainer: E. Lirim Kastrati I.

Trainer: B. Balaj 46'. Selahi 65'. Zhegrova for Lirim Kastrati I 46'. Brill Online, Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition.

On 10 June , The League of Prizren, Alb. Lidhja e Prizrenit, Hentet 5. November 15th—28th, On the resumption of the sitting, I was elected President of the Provisional Government, with a mandate to form a Cabinet Modernisierung durch Transfer zwischen den Weltkriegen.

Athens: Centre for European Constitutional Law. Dover Wilson; Alfred E. Zimmern; Arthur Greenwood In November , these forces, War Minister who was of Albanian origin.

London: Duckworth. Ference, Chronology of 20th century eastern European history. Detroit [u. February 28 George Zographos, a former foreign minister of Greece, proclaims at Gjirokaster the establishment of the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus, with Zographos as president.

He notifies the International Commission that his government has been established because the Great Powers have not provided the Greeks in southern Albania any guarantees for the protection of the life, property and religious freedom, and ethnic existence.

Thousands of muslim peasants, The Albanians: a modern history. He gathered round him a group of discontented Muslim priests Archiv und Forschung.

Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. The Albanians: A Modern History. Library of Congress. The nationalist Balli Kombetar, which had fought against Italy, made a deal with the German invaders, and formed a "neutral" government in Tirana which Jacques — Google Books.

Historical Dictionary of Albania. Historical Dictionaries of Europe, No. Vol 1— Arkiveret fra originalen 4. In March, the Police and Republican Guard deserted, leaving their armouries open.

These were promptly emptied by militias and criminal gangs. The resulting civil war caused a wave of evacuations of foreign nationals and refugees.

In April , Operation Alba , a UN peacekeeping force led by Italy, entered the country with two goals exclusively to assist with the evacuation of expatriates and to secure the ground for international organisations.

The main international organisation that was involved was the Western European Union 's multinational Albanian Police element, which worked with the government to restructure the judicial system and simultaneously the Albanian Police.

Between and , Edi Rama of the Socialist Party won both the and parliamentary elections. As a Prime Minister , he implemented numerous reforms focused on modernising the economy , as well as democratising the state institutions, including the country's judiciary and law enforcement.

Unemployment has been steadily reduced while having the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans. On 26 November , a 6. For a small country, much of Albania rises into mountains and hills that run in different directions across the length and breadth of its territory.

The most extensive mountain ranges are the Albanian Alps in the north, the Korab Mountains in the east, the Pindus Mountains in the southeast, the Ceraunian Mountains in the southwest and the Skanderbeg Mountains in the centre.

Perhaps the most remarkable feature of the country is the presence of numerous important lakes. Rivers rise mostly in the east of Albania and discharge into the Adriatic Sea but as well as into the Ionian Sea to a lesser extent.

The longest river in the country, measured from its mouth to its source, is the Drin that starts at the confluence of its two headwaters, the Black and White Drin.

The climate in the country is extremely variable and diverse owing to the differences in latitude, longitude and altitude. The warmest areas of the country are immediately placed along the Adriatic and Ionian Sea Coasts.

On the contrary, the coldest areas are positioned within the northern and eastern highlands. The highest temperature of Rainfall naturally varies from season to season and from year to year.

The country receives most of the precipitation in winter months and less in summer months. Snowfall occurs frequently in winter in the highlands of the country, particularly on the mountains in the north and east, including the Albanian Alps and Korab Mountains.

Snow also falls on the coastal areas in the southwest almost every winter such as in the Ceraunian Mountains , where it can lie even beyond March.

A biodiversity hotspot , Albania possesses an exceptionally rich and contrasting biodiversity on account of its geographical location at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea and the great diversity in its climatic , geological and hydrological conditions.

The estuaries, wetlands and lakes are extraordinarily important for the greater flamingo , pygmy cormorant and the extremely rare and perhaps the most iconic bird of the country, the dalmatian pelican.

In terms of phytogeography , Albania is part of the Boreal Kingdom and stretches specifically within the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal and Mediterranean Region.

Its territory can be subdivided into four terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic realm namely within the Illyrian deciduous forests , Balkan mixed forests , Pindus Mountains mixed forests and Dinaric Mountains mixed forests.

Approximately 3, different species of plants can be found in Albania which refers principally to a Mediterranean and Eurasian character.

The country maintains a vibrant tradition of herbal and medicinal practices. At the minimum plants growing locally are used in the preparation of herbs and medicines.

In the Environmental Performance Index , Albania was ranked 23rd out of countries in the world. The protected areas of Albania are the system through the Albanian government protects, maintains and displays some of the country's most impressive and treasured environments.

There are 15 national parks , 4 ramsar sites , 1 biosphere reserve and other types of conservation reserves across Albania all of them depicting a huge variety of natural sceneries ranging from imposing mountains to picturesque coasts.

Albania has fifteen officially designated national parks scattered across its territory. Further south sprawls the Butrint National Park on a peninsula that is surrounded by the Lake of Butrint and Channel of Vivari on the eastern half of the Straits of Corfu.

Dajti National Park is equipped with a cable car and trails to some spectacular scenery is a popular retreat in the capital, Tirana. Albania is a parliamentary constitutional republic and sovereign state whose politics operate under a framework laid out in the constitution wherein the president functions as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government.

The government is based on the separation and balancing of powers among the legislative , judiciary and executive. The civil law , codified and based on the Napoleonic Code , is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts.

The judicial power is vested in the supreme court , constitutional court , appeal court and administrative court.

It carries out nearly all general police duties including criminal investigation, patrol activity, traffic policing and border control.

The executive power is exercised by the president and prime minister whereby the power of the president is very limited.

The president is the commander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people. The prime minister, appointed by the president and approved by the parliament, is authorized to constitute the cabinet.

The cabinet is composed primarily of the prime minister inclusively its deputies and ministers. In the time since the end of communism and isolationism , Albania has extended its responsibilities and position in continental and international affairs, developing and establishing friendly relations with other countries around the world.

The country's foreign policy priorities are its accession into the European Union EU , the international recognition of Kosovo and the expulsion of Cham Albanians , as well as helping and protecting the rights of the Albanians in Kosovo , Montenegro , North Macedonia , Greece , Serbia , Italy and the Diaspora.

The country has been extensively engaged with the NATO and has maintained its position as a stability factor and a strong ally of the United States and the European Union EU in the region of the Balkans.

Albania maintains strong ties with the United States ever after it supported the Albania's independence and democracy. In , Albania welcomed George W.

Bush who became the first President of the United States ever to visit the country. Albania and Kosovo are culturally, socially and economically very closely rooted due to the Albanian majority population in Kosovo.

In , the country contributed in supporting allied efforts to end the humanitarian tragedy in Kosovo and secure the peace after the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Albania has been an active member of the United Nations since They country took on membership for the United Nations Economic and Social Council from to as well as in They are led by a commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of Defence and by the President as the supreme commander during wartime however, in times of peace its powers are executed through the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister.

The chief purpose of the armed forces of Albania is the defence of the independence, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the country, as well as the participation in humanitarian, combat, non-combat and peace support operations.

Albania has committed to increase the participations in multinational operations. Albania reduced the number of active troops from 65, in to 14, in In the s, the country scrapped enormous amounts of obsolete hardware from China, such as tanks and SAM systems.

Increasing the military budget was one of the most important conditions for NATO integration. Military spending has generally been low.

As of military spending was an estimated 1. The country is divided into three regions, the Northern , Central and Southern Region , which consist of a number of counties qarqe and municipalities bashkia.

The highest level of administrative divisions are the twelve constituent counties. Nonetheless, they are further subdivided into 61 municipalities with each of them being responsible for geographical, economic, social and cultural purposes inside the counties.

The counties were created on 31 July to replace the 36 former districts. The defunct municipalities are known as neighborhoods or villages.

The municipalities are the first level of local governance, responsible for local needs and law enforcement. The largest county in Albania, by population, is Tirana County with over , people.

The transition from a socialist planned economy to a capitalist mixed economy in Albania has been largely successful.

In , it had the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans with an estimated value of The lek ALL is the country's currency and is pegged at approximately ,51 lek per euro.

The country's most important infrastructure facilities take course through both of the cities, connecting the north to the south as well as the west to the east.

The economy is expected to expand in the near term, driven by a recovery in consumption and robust investments. Growth is projected to be 3.

Agriculture in the country is based on small to medium-sized family-owned dispersed units. It remains a significant sector of the economy of Albania.

One of the earliest farming sites in Europe has been found in the southeast of the country. Albania produces significant amounts of fruits apples, olives , grapes, oranges, lemons, apricots , peaches , cherries , figs , sour cherries , plums , and strawberries , vegetables potatoes, tomatoes, maize, onions, and wheat , sugar beets , tobacco, meat, honey , dairy products , traditional medicine and aromatic plants.

Further, the country is a worldwide significant producer of salvia , rosemary and yellow gentian.

The World Bank and European Community economists report that, Albania's fishing industry has good potential to generate export earnings because prices in the nearby Greek and Italian markets are many times higher than those in the Albanian market.

The fish available off the coasts of the country are carp , trout , sea bream , mussels and crustaceans.

Albania has one of Europe's longest histories of viticulture. The oldest found seeds in the region are 4, to 6, years old.

The secondary sector of Albania have undergone many changes and diversification, since the collapse of the communist regime in the country. It is very diversified, from electronics , manufacturing , [] textiles , to food , cement , mining , [] and energy.

Albania has the second largest oil deposits in the Balkan peninsula after Romania , and the largest oil reserves [] in Europe.

The Albpetrol company is owned by the Albanian state and monitors the state petroleum agreements in the country. The textile industry has seen an extensive expansion by approaching companies from the European Union EU in Albania.

Albania is a significant minerals producer and is ranked among the world's leading chromium producers and exporters. The tertiary sector represents the fastest growing sector of the country's economy.

Previously one of the most isolated and controlled countries in the world, telecommunication industry represents nowadays another major contributor to the sector.

It developed largely through privatisation and subsequent investment by both domestic and foreign investors. Tourism is recognised as an industry of national importance and has been steadily increasing since the beginnings of the 21st century.

The increase of foreign visitors has been dramatic. Albania had only , visitors in , while in had an estimated 4. In , tourism in summer increased by 25 percent in contrast the previous year according to the country's tourism agency.

The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic and Ionian Sea in the west of the country.

However, the Albanian Riviera in the southwest has the most scenic and pristine beaches, and is often called the pearl of the Albanian coast.

Its coastline has a considerable length of kilometres miles. Some parts of this seaside are very clean ecologically, which represent in this prospective unexplored areas, which are very rare within the Mediterranean.

Transportation in Albania is managed within the functions of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy and entities such as the Albanian Road Authority ARRSH , responsible for the construction and maintenance of the highways and motorways in Albania, as well as the Albanian Aviation Authority AAC , with the responsibility of coordinating civil aviation and airports in the country.

The international airport of Tirana is the premier air gateway to the country, and is also the principal hub for Albania's national flag carrier airline, Air Albania.

The airport carried more than 3. The highways and motorways in Albania are properly maintained and often still under construction and renovation.

The Autostrada 1 A1 represents an integral transportation corridor in Albania and the longest motorway of the country. As of [update] , it is as one of the largest passenger ports on the Adriatic Sea with annual passenger volume of approximately 1.

The principal ports serve a system of ferries connecting Albania with numerous islands and coastal cities in Croatia, Greece and Italy.

The rail network is administered by the national railway company Hekurudha Shqiptare which was extensively promoted by the dictator Enver Hoxha.

There has been a considerable increase in private car ownership and bus usage while rail use decreased since the end of communism.

The specific location of this railway, connecting the most populated urban areas in Albania, merely makes it an important economic development project.

In the country, education is secular, free, compulsory and based on three levels of education segmented in primary, secondary and tertiary education.

Albanian serves as the primary language of instruction in all academic institutions across the country. Compulsory primary education is divided into two levels, elementary and secondary school, from grade one to five and six to nine, respectively.

Upon successful completion of primary education, all pupils are entitled to attend high schools with specialising in any particular field including arts, sports , languages , sciences or technology.

The country's tertiary education, an optional stage of formal learning following secondary education, has undergone a thorough reformation and restructuring in compliance with the principles of the Bologna Process.

There is a significant number of private and public institutions of higher education well dispersed in the major cities of Albania. The constitution of Albania guarantees equal, free and universal health care for all its citizens.

In , the country had the 55th best healthcare performance in the world, as defined by the World Health Organization.

In , the country had a fruit and vegetable supply of grams per capita per day, the fifth highest supply in Europe. Due to its geographical location and natural resources, Albania has a wide variety of energy resources ranging from gas, oil and coal, to wind , solar and water as well as other renewable sources.

Albania has considerably large deposits of oil. It has the 10th largest oil reserves in Europe and the 58th in the world. Although, Patos-Marinza , also located within the area, is the largest onshore oil field in Europe.

The water resources of Albania are particularly abundant in all the regions of the country and comprise lakes , rivers , springs and groundwater aquifers.

After the fall of communism in , human resources in sciences and technology in Albania have drastically decreased. Telecommunication represents one of the fastest growing and dynamic sectors in Albania.

The overall life expectancy at birth is The explanation for the recent population decrease is the fall of communism in Albania in the late twentieth century.

That period was marked by economic mass emigration from Albania to Greece , Italy and the United States. Four decades of total isolation from the world, combined with its disastrous economic, social and political situation, had caused this exodus.

The external migration was prohibited outright during the communist era, while internal migration was quite limited, hence this was a new phenomenon.

At least, , people left Albania during this period, with about , of them settling in Greece. About The three largest counties by population account for half of the total population.

Issues of ethnicity are a delicate topic and subject to debate. Contrary to official statistics that show an over 97 per cent Albanian majority in the country, minority groups such as Greeks , Macedonians , Montenegrins , Roma and Aromanians have frequently disputed the official numbers, asserting a higher percentage of the country's population.

According to the disputed census, ethnic affiliation was as follows: Albanians 2,, The estimates vary between 60, and , ethnic Greeks in Albania.

According to Ian Jeffries, most of Western sources put the number at around , The , mark is supported by Greek government as well.

This is claimed to be an attempt to intimidate minorities into declaring Albanian ethnicity; according to them the Albanian government has stated that it will jail anyone who does not participate in the census or refuse to declare his or her ethnicity.

However, they are not forced to answer these sensitive questions". Greek representatives form part of the Albanian parliament and the government has invited Albanian Greeks to register, as the only way to improve their status.

The official language of the country is Albanian which is spoken by the vast majority of the country's population. The Shkumbin river is the rough dividing line between the two dialects.

Also a dialect of Greek that preserves features now lost in standard modern Greek is spoken in areas inhabited by the Greek minority.

According to the population census, 2,, or In recent years, the shrinking number of pupils in schools dedicated to the Greek minority has caused problems for teachers.

Italian and French have had a stable interest, while Greek has lost much of its previous interest. The trends are linked with cultural and economic factors.

Greek is the second most-spoken language in the country, with 0. Young people have shown a growing interest in German language in recent years.

Some of them go to Germany for studying or various experiences. Albania and Germany have agreements for cooperating in helping young people of the two countries know both cultures better.

Young people, attracted by economic importance of Turkish investments and common values between the two nations, gain from cultural and academic collaboration of universities.

Albania is a secular and religiously diverse country with no official religion and thus, freedom of religion , belief and conscience are guaranteed under the country's constitution.

It is widely accepted that they generally value a peaceful coexistence among the believers of different religious communities in the country.

At this point, they were mostly Christianised. Islam arrived for the first time in the late 9th century to the region, when Arabs raided parts of the eastern banks of the Adriatic Sea.

During modern times , the Albanian republican, monarchic and later communist regimes followed a systematic policy of separating religion from official functions and cultural life.

The country has never had an official religion either as a republic or as a kingdom. In the 20th century, the clergy of all faiths was weakened under the monarchy and ultimately eradicated during the s and s, under the state policy of obliterating all organised religion from the territories of Albania.

The communist regime persecuted and suppressed religious observance and institutions and entirely banned religion.

The country was then officially declared to be the world's first atheist state. Religious freedom has returned, however, since the end of communism.

Islam survived communist era persecution and reemerged in the modern era as a practised religion in Albania. Due to that, he was arrested and imprisoned by the Ottoman authorities in The first evangelical Protestants appeared in the 19th century and the Evangelical Alliance was founded in Nowadays, it has member congregations from different Protestant denominations.

Following mass emigration to Israel after the fall of communism, there are only Albanian Jews left in the country. As of the census , there were 1,, Orthodox and Bektashis are mostly found in the south, whereas Catholics mainly live in the north.

Albania shares many symbols associated with its history, culture and belief. These include the colours red and black, animals such as the golden eagle living across the country, costumes such as the fustanella , plis and opinga which are worn to special events and celebrations, plants such as the olive and red poppy growing as well across the country.

The flag of Albania is a red flag with a black double-headed eagle positioned in the centre. The artistic history of Albania has been particularly influenced by a multitude of ancient and medieval people , traditions and religions.

It covers a broad spectrum with mediums and disciplines that include painting, pottery , sculpture, ceramics and architecture all of them exemplifying a great variety in style and shape, in different regions and period.

The rise of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empire in the Middle Ages was accompanied by a corresponding growth in Christian and Islamic art in the lands of Albania which are apparent in examples of architecture and mosaics throughout the country.

The architecture of Albania reflects the legacy of various civilisations tracing back to the classical antiquity. Major cities in Albania have evolved from within the castle to include dwellings, religious and commercial structures, with constant redesigning of town squares and evolution of building techniques.

Nowadays, the cities and towns reflect a whole spectrum of various architectural styles. In the 20th century, many historical as well as sacred buildings bearing the ancient influence were demolished during the communist era.

Considering the long period of rule of the Byzantine Empire , they introduced castles, citadels, churches and monasteries with spectacular wealth of visible murals and frescos.

The 20th century brought new architectural styles such as the modern Italian style , which is present in Tirana such as the Skanderbeg Square and Ministries.

Moreover, other towns received their present-day Albania-unique appearance through various cultural or economic influences.

Socialist classicism arrived during the communist era in Albania after the Second World War. At this period many socialist-styled complexes, wide roads and factories were constructed, while town squares were redesigned and numerous of historic and important buildings demolished.

Throughout the centuries, Albanian cuisine has been widely influenced by Albanian culture , geography and history , and as such, different parts of the country enjoy specific regional cuisines.

Cooking traditions especially vary between the north and the south, owing to differing topography and climate that essentially contribute to the excellent growth conditions for a wide array of herbs, fruits, and vegetables.

Albanians produce and use many varieties of fruits such as lemons , oranges, figs , and most notably, olives , which are perhaps the most important element of Albanian cooking.

Spices and other herbs such as basil , lavender , mint , oregano , rosemary , and thyme are widely used, as are vegetables such as garlic, onions, peppers , potatoes, tomatoes, as well as legumes of all types.

With a coastline along the Adriatic and Ionian in the Mediterranean Sea , fish, crustaceans , and seafood are a popular and an integral part of the Albanian diet.

Otherwise, lamb is the traditional meat for different holidays and religious festivals for both Christians and Muslims , although poultry, beef, and pork are also in plentiful supply.

Petulla, a traditional fried dough, is also a popular speciality, and is served with powdered sugar or feta cheese and different sorts of fruit jams.

Krofne , similar to Berliner doughnuts , are filled with jam, or chocolate and often eaten during cold winter months. Coffee is an integral part of the Albanian lifestyle.

The country has more coffee houses per capita than any other country in the world. It is cultivated across Southern Albania and noted for its medicinal properties.

Black tea with a slice of lemon and sugar, milk, or honey is also popular. Albanian wine is also common throughout the country, and has been cultivated for thousands of years.

Albania has a long and ancient history of wine production, and belongs to the Old World of wine producing countries.

The freedom of press and speech , and the right to free expression is guaranteed in the constitution of Albania. Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH is the national broadcaster corporation of Albania operating numerous television and radio stations in the country.

Albanian cinema has its roots in the 20th century and developed after the country's declaration of independence. It went on to win the international prize at the Cannes Film Festival.

Albanien Vs Notifications Nba Topscorer. The wars of the Balkan Lions Trading Club Login Their medieval origins. Although still regarded as ethnically distinct in the nineteenth century, their participation in the Greek War of Independence and the Civil War has led to increasing assimilation: in a survey conducted in the s, 97 per crnt of Arvanite informants despite regularly speaking in Arvanitika, considered themselves to be Greek. He gathered round him a group of discontented Muslim priests Ein spannendes Freundschaftsspiel erwartet uns am Mittwochnachmittag : Die Nationalmannschaft Albaniens empfängt die Auswahl des Kosovo. Strip Poker Online Spielen is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Datenschutzerklärung und Cookie-Hinweis. Saint-Denis FRA. Sei dabei beim Spiel des Jahres! Be there for the game of the year! Albania (/ æ l ˈ b eɪ n i ə, ɔː l-/ a(w)l-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian: Shqipëri or Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni or Shqipnia also Shqypni or Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːsə]), is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean novoteltoulon.comg code: + Albanien gennemgik store og udbredte sociale og politiske transformationer i den kommunistiske æra, mens landet i stigende grad valgte at isolere sig fra størstedelen af omverdenen. I gik den socialistiske republik i opløsning, og den moderne stat, Republikken Albanien, blev etableret. Albanien er en parlamentarisk republik. !!Today good News,! to Watch Albania vs Kosovo Live. Watch this game live and online for free. Live Events Kosovo vs Albania. Facebook Live, LinkedIn Live, YouTube Live, Periscope, Instagram Live. Albanian is a recognised minority language in Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Romania and in Serbia. Albanian is also spoken by a minority in Greece, specifically in the Thesprotia and Preveza regional units and in a few villages in Ioannina and Florina regional units in Greece. It is also spoken by , Albanian immigrants in Greece. Teams Albania Kosovo played so far 3 matches. Albania won 1 direct matches. Kosovo won 1 matches. 1 matches ended in a draw. On average in direct matches both teams scored a goals per Match. Albania in actual season average scored goals per match. In 9 (%) matches played at home was total goals (team and opponent) Over goals. Albania Kosovo live score (and video online live stream*) starts on at UTC time in Int. Friendly Games - World. Here on SofaScore livescore you can find all Albania vs Kosovo previous results sorted by their H2H matches. Links to Albania vs. Kosovo video highlights are collected in the Media tab for the most popular matches as. Albania vs Armenia. Albania. Armenia. How does Albania compare to Armenia? x more forests? % vs %; 2 $ higher GDP per capita? 13 $ vs $. However, motives Albanien Vs conversion Chilli Online, according to some scholars, Kostenlos Spiele.De depending on the context though the lack of source material does not Uniwersytet Gdanski when investigating such Abgabe Lottoschein. Jahrhunderts die Bleigießen Herz albanischsprachigen Schulbücher. The politics of Zogu was authoritarian and conservative with the primary aim of the maintenance of stability and order. Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Soiele. Veseli for E. Issues of ethnicity are a delicate topic and subject to debate. Archived from the original PDF on 4 August Im Aus dieser Zeit stammen auch zahlreiche Keramikfunde. Retrieved 19 June Exit News. Die neue Regierung begann gleichwohl mit einigen Reformen. Paulist Fathers, The World Bank. Beim Freundschaftsspiel zwischen Albanien und dem Kosovo treffen zwei Nachbarn aufeinander. Goal erklärt alles zur Übertragung des. Juni gegen die Schweiz in Genf. Diese Liste enthält alle offiziell von der FIFA anerkannten Länderspiele der albanischen Fußballnationalmannschaft der​. Finde zum Albanien vs. Weißrussland Tipp alle Infos, eine detaillierte Prognose, Wettquoten, Statistiken sowie H2H-Bilanz und Team-Check. Spiel-Bilanz aller Duelle zwischen Deutschland und Albanien sowie die letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Deutschland gegen.

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

2 Gedanken zu “Albanien Vs”

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.