In 1301, Edward made his eldest son - also called Edward - Prince of Wales. Publisher: Bracken Books (1986). It was also used by Queen Elizabeth. The turtle fills the empty hole - never once looking back - and returnsto the ocean. In most drawings, its head looks like that of a Chinese dragon (see dragon above). The mortal enemy of the dragon is the bird-man Karura and the Phoenix. As there are no male tortoise - as the ancient believed - the female had to mate with a snake. Furthermore, islanders can stand behind the turtle as it lays its eggs and catch the eggs in their hands. The Dragon's Heart, the Pleiades, and the Bird Star are the names of three of the lunar mansions which marked the central position of the Dragon, Tiger and Bird. Thus the tortoise embracing a snake became the protector symbol of the north, but since the word "tortoise" was taboo in Chinese, it was referred to as the "dark warrior" (genbu ) and finally became Zhenwu (in Chinese Taoism one of the four protector gods. For more on Taoism, see this online catalog about "Taoism and the Arts of China." Tsurukame - Tortoise and Crane The crane lives 1,000 years and the tortoise.000, says a Japanese proverb. Those of the Tang period ( AD) show all twelve, or sometimes the 28 or even 36 animals of the Chinese Zodiac, and those of an earlier period depict the four celestial emblems referred to above. Usually the crane was carrying a lotos flower with a long stem in his mouth and the flower was formed in a way to hold the candle. The tortoise was also used for purposes of divination. Four Heavenly Kings (Buddhist) Four guardians of the four compass directions in Buddhism. This kind of temple decoration was often used by the New Sect of the Pure Land (Jodo Shinshuu ). Says Donald Mackenzie : "In China the tortoise had divine attributes. The turtle does not even notice. Below text courtesy of m A mythical horned Chinese deer-like creature said to appear only when a sage has appeared. South, Summer, Fire, Planet Mars; heart and large intestines White Tiger. But the very earliest mirrors show only the three: the Chi-lin, the Feng-huang, and the Dragon. At the heart of Chinese mythology are four spiritual creatures (Sì Shòu ) - four celestial emblems - each guarding a direction on the compass. Each with seven constellations, see 28 Constellations.